Hypotonia Word Glossary

This is a list of some words that tend to come up when talking about Benign Congenital Hypotonia.

See below for the acronym/abbreviation glossary.

Also, see the American Medical Association Medical Glossary

Admissions, Review and Dismissal
A meeting where an IEP (Individual Education Plan) is drafted with parents and school officials
ankle-foot orthoses
Typically, these are pieces of plastic worn behind the heel to provide extra support for weak ankles.
amyotonia
deficiency of muscle tone
benign
Good, harmless, innocuous, not dangerous. In the context of hypotonia, it implies "non-degenerative".
biopsy
The removal of a sample of body tissue for further medical examination.
central core disease
A specific myopathy whose primary symptom is congenital hypotonia. Similar to nemaline, but different in some of the details. Associated with a disposition to malignant hyperthermia.
clubfoot (or talipes equinovarus)
consists or three combined deformities-
congenital
Born with.
CPK
The name of both an enzyme and the test for that enzyme. The test can reveal if there is muscle damage happening.
distal
farther from the center of the body
distrophy, distrophic
Degenerative, wastes away, gets worse.
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
A group of connective tissue diseases characterized by hypermobile joints and soft, fragile skin. See the Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome website.
gastroesophagial reflux disease
A long name for reflux.
g-tube, ng-tube, j-tube
Feeding tubes.
Gower's maneuver
A method of getting up from the floor distinguished by getting up on all fours, then "walking" the hands up the legs until the torso is upright.
high arched palate
A skeletal abnormality in which the roof of the mouth forms a very high arch, rather than a gentle dome.
hyperflexibility or hypermobility
Exceptional flexibility of the joints, which is caused by loose (stretchable) muscles.
hypertonia
High muscle tone. Commonly seen in many forms of cerebral palsy.
hypotonia
Low muscle tone. Commonly seen in many forms of muscular dystrophy. The exact relationship between low muscle tone and muscle weakness is still unclear to me, though they seem closely related.
malignant hyperthermia
A condition whereby standard surgical anaesthetics will cause a life-threatening rise in body temperature.
mother from hell
A mother who insists on her way at school, therapy, or the doctor's office. Meant as a sort of women's liberation/empowerment term.
myopathy
"myo" means "of the muscle" and "pathy" means "pathology" or disease. A myopathy is any disease of the muscle.
nasopharyngeal reflux
Reflux where the stomach content ends up in the nasal passage.
nemaline
A specific myopathy whose primary symptom is congenital hypotonia. The name comes from the presence of rod-like structures found in affected muscle tissues. The full name is typically given as "Nemaline Rod-Body Myopathy"
pectus excavatum
sunken chest
pes cavus
high foot arches
proximal
nearer to the center of the body
reflux
When the contents of the stomach don't stay there.
respiratory synchtial virus
A nasty, sometimes fatal respiratory infection.
scoliosis
Any abnormal curvature of the spine.
"W" sit
Sitting with buttocks, knees, and ankles all flat on the floor, but with the knees in front and the feet bent back to touch the sides of the buttocks:
Boy Doing the W-Sit

Hypotonia Acronym/Abbreviation Glossary

AFO
Ankle-Foot Orthoses
ARD
Admissions, Review and Dismissal
AS
Asperger's Syndrome -- a high functioning form of autism.
BCH
Benign Congenital Hypotonia
BPD
Broncho Pulmonary Dysplasia
CK
Creatine Kinase (see CPK in word glossary)
CP
Cerebral Palsy
CPK
Creatine Phosphokinase (see CPK in word glossary)
CT
A procedure that uses X-rays and computers to scan the body.
dev ped
developmental pediatrician
EDS
Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome
EEG
electroencephalograph -- a an electrical recording of brain activity
EKG or ECG
electrocardiogram -- an electrical recording of the heart
EMG
electromyogram -- an electrical recording of muscle tissue
GERD
GastroEsophagial Reflux Disease, or simply "reflux"
IDEA
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
IEP
Individual Education Plan
LD
Learning Disabled/Disability/Disorder
MD
Muscular Dystrophy
MFH
Mother From Hell
MRI
Magnetic Resonance Imaging -- a way to scan the body using radio waves and computers. It is non-invasive and does not involve radiation.
neuro
neurologist
NLD
Non-verbal Learning Disorder
OT/PT/ST
Occupational, Physical, or Speech Therapy or Therapist
PDD
Pervasive Developmental Disorder -- all disorders on the autistic spectrum.
PDD-NOS
Pervasive Developmental Disorder -- Not Otherwise Specified -- A PDD that doesn't fit into one of the standard sub-categories.
P.E., or PhysEd
Physical Education ("Gym class" in the states)
ped
pediatrician
PROM
Premature Rupture Of Membranes
PWD
Person With Disability
RSV
Respiratory Synchtial Virus
SI
Sensory Integration -- the way that all of the senses work together, primarily referred to when indicating there are problems in what are called the internal senses which include the Proprioceptive sense, Vestibular sense, and tactile sense.
SID
Sensory Integration Dysfunction
sped
Special Education

The Benign Congenital Hypotonia Site
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02-Dec-1999