ilton Reynolds and his Reynolds International Pen Company. Introduced the ball pen to the United States at Gimbel's Department Store in October 1945 with a tremendous promotion. It's been said that the line in front of the store was three blocks long of people waiting to buy the pens at $12.50 each, and the line in back of the store was two blocks long of people waiting to get their money back. The ball pen was an immediate marketing success, but a quality failure. In December 1945, Reynolds retained Paul Fisher to try to improve the ball pen, but decided to make it cheaper and sell it for less.
Reynolds dropped the price from $12.50 in 1945 to 39˘ in 1948. When the Reynolds Ball Pens stopped selling altogether, Reynolds retired from the pen business, but Fisher wanted to continue his efforts to improve the ballpoint pen.
In September 1948, Fisher designed his famous Chrome Bullet Pen and, with Mr. Reynolds' approval, founded the Fisher Pen Company in Chicago. It is called a bullet pen because of its bullet-like shape when the pen is closed. When its protective cover is pulled from the roller ball end and slipped onto the other end, it provides a convenient-to-hold, full five-inch-long pen.
As an example of contemporary industrial art, the Chrome Bullet Pen has been exhibited for many years in New York's Museum of Modern Art.
The Fisher Chrome Bullet Space Pen
The Chrome Bullet Pen with medium point, black ink, and a pressurized Fisher refill (gift boxed)
he early astronauts used pencils for note-taking because there was no pen that would work in space. Paul Fisher developed what he called his “Space Pen” with the astronauts in mind - a pen that would write under weightless conditions and in a vacuum. In 1965, Fisher sent his Space Pen to Houston Space Center for testing by NASA. Since 1967, these durable and reliable ball point pens have been used on all manned space flights - American and Russian.
The Space Pen can write at temperatures ranging from minus 50 to 400 degrees Fahrenheit. It can write under water and over grease. It uses pressurized nitrogen gas in the sealed ink cartridge to push thick gel ink against the rolling ball, which liquifies the ink and smoothly rolls it onto the paper - even under the extreme conditions of outer space.
The Original Model Chrome-plated Fisher Space Pen
The Space Pen with medium point, black ink, and a pressurized Fisher refill (gift boxed)