Method to increase specificity and/or accuracy of lateral flow immunoassays

Patent No. 8,445,293

Issued: May 21, 2013
Filed: September 29, 2009
Term Extension: 622 days

Inventors: Babu; Uma Mahesh (Bradenton, FL), Aberl; Franz (Kranzberg, DE), Scheibenzuber; Marcus (Munchen, DE), Sambursky; Robert P. (Bradenton, FL), VanDine; Robert W. (Montoursville, PA), Sambursky; Jose S. (Johnson City, NY)
Assignee: Rapid Pathogen Screening, Inc. (Sarasota, FL)


The present invention includes methods and devices for preventing interfering substances from affecting the accuracy of a lateral flow immunoassay. In preferred embodiments, a test strip includes a capturing zone that includes at least one mobile capturing reagent that separates at least one interfering substance from the analyte. The capturing zone is preferably located upstream of the sample application zone. In some embodiments, the reagent/conjugate zone is also located upstream of the sample application zone. The capturing zone may be located upstream, downstream, or overlapping with the reagent/conjugate zone in these embodiments. In other preferred embodiments, one or more mobile capturing reagents are included in the elution medium/running buffer. In yet other embodiments, the capturing reagent is incorporated into a sample collection device of a sample collection system, preferably separate from the chromatographic test strip. A lysis zone is also included in some preferred embodiments.

Reference to Related Applications

This application claims one or more inventions which were disclosed in Provisional Application No. 61/098,935, filed Sep. 22, 2008, entitled "IN SITU LYSIS OF CELLS IN LATERAL FLOW IMMUNOASSAYS", and Provisional Application No. 61/179,059, filed May 18, 2009, entitled "METHOD AND DEVICE FOR COMBINED DETECTION OF VIRAL AND BACTERIAL INFECTIONS". The benefit under 35 USC .sctn.119(e) of the United States provisional applications are hereby claimed, and the aforementioned applications are hereby incorporated herein by reference.

This application is also a continuation-in-part application of copending application Ser. No. 11/052,748, filed Feb. 9, 2005, entitled "METHOD FOR THE RAPID DIAGNOSIS OF TARGETS IN HUMAN BODY FLUIDS", copending application Ser. No. 11/224,298, filed Sep. 13, 2005, entitled "METHOD TO INCREASE SPECIFICITY AND/OR ACCURACY OF LATERAL FLOW IMMUNOASSAYS", copending application Ser. No. 11/698,053, filed Jan. 26, 2007, entitled "METHOD FOR THE RAPID DIAGNOSIS OF TARGETS IN HUMAN BODY FLUIDS", copending application Ser. No. 12/469,207, filed May 20, 2009, entitled "NANOPARTICLES IN DIAGNOSTIC TESTS", which claimed priority from Provisional Application No. 61/071,833, filed May 20, 2008, entitled "NANOPARTICLES IN DIAGNOSTIC TESTS", copending application Ser. No. 12/481,631, filed Jun. 10, 2009, entitled "COMBINED VISUAL/FLUORESCENCE ANALYTE DETECTION TEST", which claimed priority from Provisional Application No. 61/060,258, filed Jun. 10, 2008, entitled "COMBINED VISUAL/FLUORESCENCE ANALYTE DETECTION TEST", copending Application Ser. No. 12/502,626, filed Jul. 14, 2009, which claimed priority from Provisional Application No. 61/080,879, filed Jul. 15, 2008, entitled "LATERAL FLOW NUCLEIC ACID DETECTOR", and application Ser. No. 12/502,662, filed Jul. 14, 2009, entitled "IN SITU LYSIS OF CELLS IN LATERAL FLOW IMMUNOASSAYS". The aforementioned applications are hereby incorporated herein by reference.


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